Wisdom Teeth Removal Waterloo

Waterloo West Dentistry
Wisdom Teeth 101

Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Teeth implants for wisdom teeth removal in Waterloo
When a Tooth Extraction is Needed
Your third molars, or wisdom teeth, are usually the final teeth in your mouth to erupt. Not all wisdom teeth need to be removed. They will only be removed if they are causing pain, swelling, infection or decay, or damaging other teeth, or if they are likely to cause these issues later as they grow in more.
Oral Exam and X-Rays
Impacted wisdom teeth may be noticed during regular checkups, before they begin to hurt or cause you issues. Other times, patients may come in with pain or other concerns. Either way, your dentist confirms how the teeth are growing in with x-rays, to determine how to address them.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth

These four teeth usually appear between the ages of 15 and 25. If a mouth does not have enough space for these teeth, they can become impacted. Untreated, impacted wisdom teeth can damage other teeth, cause pain, and lead to oral health concerns.

Complications for Teeth

What Are Impacted Teeth?

If a wisdom tooth, or any tooth, does not have enough room to grow, it can come in sideways or remain trapped beneath the gum or bone, eventually causing pain and infection. In severe situations, infection and damage to the jaw bone can occur. The type of impaction will affect the tooth extraction procedure needed.


Soft Tissue Impaction
With this, the top portion of your wisdom tooth, or crown, has penetrated through your bone but is in an incorrect position, and your gum still covers most or all of the crown. In this situation, the gum can trap food and debris, causing infection and tooth decay.


Partial Bony Impaction
In this situation, your wisdom tooth has only partially erupted, with the crown stuck below your gums and surrounding jaw bone. The area is still difficult to clean properly and can lead to infection and decay.


Complete Bony Impaction
This is the most serious situation, since it requires more complex tooth extraction techniques. The entire wisdom tooth is enveloped by the jaw bone. The tooth itself is impacted but very difficult to access.
What to Expect

Wisdom Tooth Extraction Procedure

Wisdom tooth extraction is a common procedure. Your oral surgeon will consult with you before the surgery to discuss your situation and reasons for needing an extraction. At Waterloo West Dentistry, we can provide sedation for your complete comfort. We also use local anesthesia, so you do not feel any pain.

In some cases, where the tooth has fully erupted, a simple extraction is possible, where the tooth is pulled with forceps. The extracted tooth may be removed as a whole, or broken into pieces for easier removal. Often, however, wisdom teeth are impacted, requiring a more complicated procedure.

A blood clot will form in the empty socket. The oral surgeon will place a gauze pad over it and have you bite down on it to stop the bleeding. You may be given stitches or sutures to close the wound. Some bleeding is normal and will eventually stop. Swelling is also common soon after tooth removal. A cold compress or ice pack for the first 24 hours will help.

There will be some pain and discomfort which can be managed with over-the-counter pain medication. If you have severe pain after three days, contact your oral surgeon. Practice good oral hygiene and take prescribed antibiotics to avoid infection. A dry socket can occur when the blood clot that forms in the empty socket is dislodged, causing severe pain, swelling, and bad breath. Very rarely, the nerve running through the jawbone can be injured during tooth extraction, causing numbness or tingling. Your dentist or oral surgeon will provide you with full postoperative care instructions after your procedure to prevent issues.

Book an Initial Exam

Waterloo West Dentistry Can Help

If you suspect your wisdom teeth are growing in and are causing you pain, contact us for an initial exam as soon as possible. Children who are 14 or older, but who have not yet had their wisdom teeth erupt, can benefit from an oral exam, too, to address potential issues earlier.
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If Teeth Are Not Removed Unless Necessary, Why Have a Wisdom Tooth Extraction?

Although wisdom teeth are not troubling you now, they may in future, so a tooth extraction may be done preventatively. Your dentist can predict future concerns based on the positioning of your teeth. Earlier extraction is better - the surgery is easier, safer, and more predictable, with faster healing.

Impacted wisdom tooth extractions can prevent several serious concerns. Your second molars, which are adjacent to your wisdom teeth, can be damaged by impacted wisdom teeth. These teeth can have more wearing, cavities, potential bone loss, and gum disease if the impacted wisdom teeth are not removed. Cysts and tumours are extremely rare but can occur around impacted wisdom teeth. An impacted wisdom tooth is at much higher risk of infection and decay, because it is so difficult to clean sufficiently; the infection can spread to other teeth, too. Wisdom teeth that are impacted may also put pressure on other teeth, causing misalignment and crowding.

Wisdom Tooth Extractions Consultations

Children 14 and older should have consultations and examinations to prevent issues.
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